What is a submittal in construction?
A construction submittal is a form of written or physical information sent to architects, engineers, or general contractors for approval of specific materials, equipment, drawings, or data in construction. These submittals set the expectations for all parties involved and when sent in detail, can help to keep a project running on time and on budget. Delays or errors in this crucial step can lead to cost overrun, postponed project delivery, incorrect quantities, or rework to get back on track. And considering that 52% of construction rework is caused by poor project data and miscommunication, providing strong submittals can translate into job profitability. This article will provide insights as to how you can successfully provide submittals that get approved and maintain project momentum.
What is the purpose of a submittal in construction?
- Avoid unnecessary obstacles: About 35% of construction projects will have a major change during its lifetime. Submittals help you to stay ahead of the curve.
- Refine timelines and processes: 72% of companies state that projects took longer than anticipated. Having a strong pre-construction procedure can help encourage efficiency and timeliness.
- Generate accurate budgets: On average, construction rework ends up costing nearly 9% of a project’s total cost. Submittals ensure that proposed budgets remain accurate and costs are approved as you move forward.
- Encourage communication: Submittals offer a way for construction company owners, contractors, and clients to collaborate – an area in which 82% of owners feel they need improvement.
Construction submittals set the tone and expectations for the entire project. They take a concept and bring them to life, providing mutual understanding and direction for all parties involved. Because every construction project relies on blueprints, plans, and specs, it’s critical for subcontractors to have approvals in writing. There are countless details that must be reviewed and understood by various people throughout a construction project. These details culminate into what is often referred to as a project spec book. These long-form documents outline the scope of work, material selection, installation methods, and workmanship contracted. So whether a submittal is simply getting a color choice approved or more complex, like providing a full mock-up, maintaining organization and up-to-date records is vital.
What information goes into a construction submittal?
Although the process can feel tedious at times, having written approval for each decision made ensures client satisfaction, project success, and a source of truth regarding final decisions and budgetary needs. In order to ensure your submittals provide all of the necessary information and get approved, here’s a comprehensive list of information frequently provided in a construction submittal log.
- Submittal number or name: This can indicate what type of submittal it is, a specific category, or where the request originated. Bonus points if you use a tag or naming system that makes each type of submittal easier to locate.
- Revision number: This can be particularly useful for anyone reviewing the submittal log to see the most recent version.
- Priority level: If a decision is time sensitive or critical for project pacing, be sure to note this in your submittal to avoid delays. This also helps the recipient to prioritize their resources and time to provide the most critical information first.
- Deadline for decision: Similarly, if a decision needs to be made on or before a specific date, provide this information clearly at or near the top of the submittal.
- Person responsible for approval: Clearly define who is responsible for providing feedback to ensure all decision makers have weighed in on respective decisions.
- Point of contact for submittal: Keep confusion to a minimum by providing the submittal requester or manager’s direct contact information, as well as the individual(s) responsible for compiling the submittal information.
- Any additional information or supporting documentation: Whether it’s physical or digital, be sure to include any and all supporting documents or materials. This can eliminate back and forth communication while also helping to reduce confusion by keeping all necessary information in one centralized location.
How to write a construction submittal
When in doubt, write it out. Construction submittals are more likely to get approved if they include high levels of detail or specific samples where appropriate. The specifications outlined in a construction submittal can range from prescriptive, to performance, or even include proprietary information regarding details of the project.
- Prescriptive specs: Provide the type or quality of material being implemented in a construction project.
- Performance specs: Provide workflow, workmanship, and schedule requirements to complete a construction project.
- Proprietary specs: Provide any unique or custom products being utilized in your project.
How to improve your construction submittal process
Have a documented submittal process
Projects run smoother when everyone is on the same page. It’s not uncommon for individual contractors, subcontractors, and project managers to all have their own system to keep information organized. But what happens when the owner of that organizational system is out on vacation, has to visit a different site, or leaves the company? Having a unified approach to project data and information paves the way for long-term company resilience and mitigates communication errors.
By developing and documenting company-wide protocols for pre-construction and submittal processes, you create consistency. This consistency then opens the door to identifying trending problems that can be addressed moving forward and improving your profitability.
Automate submittal logging
With each construction project having dozens, if not hundreds of submittals that may be required, it’s easy for information to get lost or have wires crossed down the line. By having an auto-generated submittal log, you can enjoy ease of information access and maintain a grip on your approval processes. Construction project management software offers a great solution to maintaining and automating processes, like submittals, to ensure everyone is on the same page.
Set reminders and email alerts
Keeping track of every project’s details and progress can feel daunting without a little help. And if a pending approval slips through the cracks, it can lead to costly delays and budget constraints. Reminders, notifications, and email alerts allow you to stay organized and to see where your time can be spent most effectively in between the other demands of your job.
Centralize all submittal revisions and approvals
Email threads, phone calls, in-person meetings, text messages, and multiple software solutions that don’t integrate with one another can create chaos quickly. Having one, streamlined location for your business communication ensures that all parties involved know how to find project information easily. Additionally, it allows you to see which projects need your attention to stay on track, or whether a submittal needs additional information or approval.
When organized, automated, and streamlined, the construction submittal process can be an excellent tool for keeping your projects moving forward. Submittals provide a wealth of information to ensure unnecessary rework is avoided and communication is clear for all parties involved. Keep your projects on target, on budget, and on schedule with construction project management software with automated submittal logs.